The most vital factor required to sustain human life is food. According to estimates published by the United Nations, the world’s population will reach 9.8 billion people in 2050, resulting in an increase of approximately 1.3 times the current population size. Even today, millions of people in the world do not have access to enough food. This situation is expected to grow increasingly dire with time.
To alleviate this situation, an increase in the production of foodstuffs is imperative. Agriculture as an academic discipline promotes research that works to solve this problem from a wide range of angles. Some of the ways in which agriculture strives to improve the quality and quantity of food include: raising the efficiency of plants’ solar energy usage by increasing the rate of photosynthesis; developing crops that are highly resistant to disease and insect damage; modifying soil not suited for growing plants so that it may be used to raise crops; increasing the efficiency of farming aquatic animals such as fish; developing techniques to prevent infectious diseases from spreading among livestock; and proposing policies from the standpoint of agricultural economics.
Agriculture is a comprehensive science with research that covers a wide range of fields. Some of the research is conducted in scientific areas, such as studies on restoring natural environments; analyzing the behaviour of wild animals; conservation and usage of forests; the scientific aspects involved with housing and shelter; usage of water resources; soil sciences; the development of medicinal resources; sciences concerned with the security and safety of food; techniques for processing and preserving food products; research on the functionality of food items; and putting microorganisms to use in foods and the environment. Other research is carried out in the spectrum of the humanities, including business management, economics, history and culture of the agricultural, forestry, fishing and livestock sectors.
Agriculture is an applied science integrating food science, life science and environmental science. The 21st century has brought us into a new "Agricultural Age" with big challenges. We at the Department of Agriculture eagerly invite you to join us in creating the future of this new age.
Agricultural science is constantly evolving. In recent years, the field of agriculture is becoming highly specialized. The objective of the Department of Agriculture is not just to train students to work in agricultural industries, but also to equip students with the basic knowledge of agriculture and foster within them a global perspective that enables them to flourish in any environment.